Solicitation (and Plagiarism) Alert: Legaia Books / Paperclips Magazine

Posted by Victoria Strauss for Writer Beware

When the late, unlamented Tate Publishing & Enterprises went belly-up a few months ago, I started hearing from Tate authors who were being contacted by self-publishing companies and other for-profit enterprises looking to recruit new customers. Some of these were straightforward, reasonably reputable (if overpriced) businesses. Others...not so much.

Very active trying to snag Tate authors was Legaia Books.


Here's how Legaia describes itself (bolding and errors courtesy of the original):
Legaia is a book publishing company created to aid writers in seeing their works in prints. Whether you’re a beginner or a published author, and whatever is the genre of your work (memoirs, fiction, non-fiction, children’s book, or even poetry collection), it is always our pleasure to be working with you. Legaia has no reservations to anything in particular other than those that contradict what is in the terms and services. With the application of new technology and information, we are able to accommodate our clients and are maintaining this accessibility for a better relationship.
The whole website is written like this, which should be a gigantic clue that things aren't kosher. If that's not enough, consider the eye-poppingly expensive publishing packages (which don't offer anything that's not available elsewhere for much less money), the hugely overpriced "online media publicity campaign" (based largely on cheap-for-the-provider services that can be sold at an enormous markup), and the nebulously-described "Online Retail Visibility Booster", which costs $6,499 and wants you to believe that's a fair price for something called a Booster Tool that supposedly gets you more reviews on Amazon.

You can also buy advertising in Paperclips Magazine, which among other "opportunities" encourages authors to pay $1,999 for a book review or $4,999 for a "Paperclips Author Article." According to the Legaia website, Paperclips is "a social online magazine that showcases books and author experiences in the publishing industry"; according to email solicitations like the one above, it has "over 2 million subscribers worldwide" (a bit hard to believe, given the mix of terrible writing, puff pieces, and ads that make up most of its content).

What both website and solicitations fail to mention: Legaia and Paperclips are one and the same, a fact Legaia admits on its LinkedIn page. This is the kind of profitable closed loop that allows an author-exploiting enterprise to hit up its victims multiple times.

As for Paperclips Magazine, it's...interesting. Not just for the amount of money that must have been generated by all the author articles and ads. Not just for the insanely awful writing by the "Editorial Team" (screenshot at left).

No. For the plagiarism and the intellectual property theft.

The Paperclips website includes numerous short articles with the byline Chloe Smith. Much of this content actually belongs to other authors. For instance, a piece called 7 Active Reading for Students: here it is at Paperclips, under Chloe's name. Here's the original, attributed to the real author: Grace Fleming. How about 10 Keys to Writing a Brilliant Speech? Here it is at Paperclips. Here's the original, by Bill Cole. Ditto These Are the 8 Fundamental Principles of Great Writing. Here it is at Paperclips. Here's the original (with a different title), by Glenn Leibowitz.

I could go on. There are lots more examples. And that's just the Paperclips website. The magazine also includes stolen content. At least Why Print Books are Better than eBooks, and Ways to Improve eReaders bears the name of its true author, Greg Krehbiel...but Greg has confirmed to me that Paperclips published it without his permission. (It originally appeared here.) (I also reached out to two other authors included in the same issue, but as of this writing I haven't heard back.)

Any bets on whether Paperclips got permission to use images of Dr. Seuss characters on the cover of its latest issue? Or asked George R.R. Martin if it was okay to re-publish his August 2016 blog post--complete with original artwork from the illustrated anniversary edition of Game of Thrones?


A bunch of other things don't add up.  Legaia/Paperclips has a North Carolina address, but it's a virtual office. Legaia's LinkedIn page claims the company was founded in 2008, but its domain wasn't registered until late 2015. Similarly, Paperclips' LinkedIn page says it started up in 2012, but its domain wasn't created until November 2016 (I also couldn't find any issues of the magazine earlier than December 2016). I've been able to locate only two actual human staff members (neither website includes staff names, and the two names I've seen on Legaia's author solicitations, Emily Bryans and Serena Miles, appear to be wholly imaginary); both are based in the Philippines, and one formerly worked for Author Solutions.

Between these things, the English-as-a-second-language writing, the overpriced and exploitive "services", the plagiarism, and just the general sleazy feel of it all, I'm strongly reminded of LitFire Publishing, which has a very similar business model and M.O, and was established by Author Solutions call center alumni in the Philippines as a sort of low-rent Xlibris-AuthorHouse-iUniverse-Trafford clone. Are LitFire and Legaia the same operation? Probably not. But it wouldn't surprise me if Legaia has the same provenance.

"Emily Bryans" is currently soliciting authors for something called Paperclips Magazine's Author Circle, which is supposedly arriving this October and will feature "celebrity authors and multi-awarded literary contributors" (wonder how many of them know they're included?) No word on how much it will cost to join up, but I bet it's a bundle.

Writer beware.

Lawsuits, Liens, and Lost URLs: The Latest on America Star Books / PublishAmerica

Posted by Victoria Strauss for Writer Beware This post has been updated.It’s been a while since I wrote about America Star Books, née PublishAmerica, one of the most prolific author mills in America (also the subject of scores of author complaints, an… [...]

Continue reading Lawsuits, Liens, and Lost URLs: The Latest on America Star Books / PublishAmerica

Be Sociable, Share!

    Infringement by Galaktika Magazine: Authors Guild and SFWA Reach Settlement

    Posted by Victoria Strauss for Writer Beware On July 20, the Authors Guild and the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America announced that they had together reached an agreement with Hungary-based Galaktika Magazine.For at least a decade, Galakti… [...]

    Continue reading Infringement by Galaktika Magazine: Authors Guild and SFWA Reach Settlement

    Be Sociable, Share!

      The Law Finally Catches Up With Tate Publishing & Enterprises

      Posted by Victoria Strauss for Writer Beware Today, Oklahoma Attorney General Mike Hunter filed eight felony charges and one misdemeanor charge against Ryan and Richard Tate, respectively CEO and founder of vanity publisher Tate Publishing & Enterp… [...]

      Continue reading The Law Finally Catches Up With Tate Publishing & Enterprises

      Be Sociable, Share!

        Red Flag Alert: Loiacono Literary Agency, Swetky Literary Agency, Warner Literary Group

        Posted by Victoria Strauss for Writer Beware In the late 1990s, when Writer Beware first started up, the digital revolution was just peeking over the horizon. Traditional publishing was still the only path to publication, and literary agents were the p… [...]

        Continue reading Red Flag Alert: Loiacono Literary Agency, Swetky Literary Agency, Warner Literary Group

        Be Sociable, Share!

          The Continuing Decline of "Assisted-Self-Publishing" Giant Author Solutions

          Posted by Victoria Strauss for Writer Beware A little less than two years ago, I wrote a blog post that focused, in part, on Author Solutions’ declining share of the so-called assisted self-publishing market.According to a report by Bowker on ISBN outp… [...]

          Continue reading The Continuing Decline of "Assisted-Self-Publishing" Giant Author Solutions

          Be Sociable, Share!

            All Romance eBooks’ Sudden Closing: Many Questions, Few Answers

            Posted by Victoria Strauss for Writer Beware This post has been updated.On Wednesday, December 28, All Romance eBooks–a romance-specific ebook distributor and publisher that also distributes general fiction and nonfiction through its OmniLit imprint–… [...]

            Continue reading All Romance eBooks’ Sudden Closing: Many Questions, Few Answers

            Be Sociable, Share!

              Questions for Vanity Publisher Austin Macauley Yield Few Answers

              Posted by Victoria Strauss for Writer Beware This post has been updated.Over at The Writers Workshop, Harry Bingham is taking a look at UK-based vanity publisher Austin Macauley.Are they legit? Or are they scammers?I don’t kn… [...]

              Continue reading Questions for Vanity Publisher Austin Macauley Yield Few Answers

              Be Sociable, Share!

                Torquere Press Is Closing

                Posted by Victoria Strauss for Writer BewareTroubled publisher Torquere Press is closing. Owners Kristi Boulware and Joanna Talbot announced their decision yesterday in an email that will doubtless infuriate many authors, but probably won’t surprise th… [...]

                Continue reading Torquere Press Is Closing

                Be Sociable, Share!

                  Trouble at Tate: Could it be End of Days for America's Most Prolific Vanity Publisher?

                  Posted by Victoria Strauss for Writer Beware It’s hard times lately for “America’s Top Publisher,” a.k.a. Tate Publishing & Enterprises, a.k.a. one of America’s most prolific vanity publishers.Tate has been on Writer Beware’s Thumbs Down Publi… [...]

                  Continue reading Trouble at Tate: Could it be End of Days for America’s Most Prolific Vanity Publisher?

                  Be Sociable, Share!